Media pluralism in Hungary has been degrading since 2010 but the year 2021 shows slight improvements, the authors argue. Yet they point out these are not due to reforms or a reversion of the trends of the last decade, but “a slight recovery from the shock and the emergency measures of the COVID-19 pandemic.”
The greatest risk in the country was recorded in the Political independence area, with a 74% score, “as political influence over the implementation of laws, the capture of the market, as well as direct and indirect governmental control can all influence the pluralism and political independence of the media,” the report finds.
The report calls on the European Commission to act against problematic issues, such as the politically motivated allocation of state advertising or the competition distorting practice associated with the media conglomerate KESMA.
In addition to Bátorfy, the report’s authors are Konrad Bleyer-Simon, Krisztián Szabó and Eszter Galambosi. The Media Pluralism Monitor is published by the European University Institute, Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom.